The Editor

The content of this site has been written by Abeezar I. Sarela, MSc MS MD FRCS (Glas)(Gen Surg), Consultant in Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Leeds, UK.

(MSc, Master in Surgical Science; MS, Master of Surgery; MD, Doctor of Medicine; FRCS (Glas)(Gen Surg), Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Glasgow, General Surgery)

Mr Sarela is the editor of this website and is responsible for all content on this site.

The mission of this website is to provide high quality, trustworthy and up to date medical information to privately insured and self-funding patients, who wish to have surgery by Mr Sarela at the Nuffield Hospital Leeds and the Spire Hospital Leeds.

The information that is provided on this website is meant to complement, and not to replace, the relationship between patients and their doctors. Please note that this website seeks to enhance general awareness only, and this not meant to be a decision-making aid. The information in this website should not be used to make diagnoses or to decide upon treatment.

This website has been funded entirely by Foregut Surgery Ltd, registered in England & Wales. Registration number: 9547700. Registered address: Suite 127, 33 Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3AJ. Mr Sarela is a director of Foregut Surgery Ltd. No financial support has been received from any other source. This site does not host or receive funding from advertising or from the display of commercial content.

Sources for the medical information in this website are listed in the following Bibliography:

Weight Loss

NICE Clinical Guideline CG43. Obesity Prevention.

NICE Clinical Guideline CG189. Obesity: Identification, Assessment and Management.

NICE Interventional Procedure Guidance 518. Implantation of a Duodenal-Jejunal Bypass Liner for Managing Type 2 Diabetes.

British Obesity and Metabolic Surgeons Society (BOMSS) Nutritional Guidance.

The National Bariatric Surgery Registry (NBSR) Report.

O’Brien P. The Lap-Band Solution: A Partnership for Weight Loss: Melbourne University Publishing; 2007.

Hamdan K, Somers S, Chand M. Management of Late Postoperative Complications of Bariatric Surgery. Britsh Journal of Surgery. 2011;98(10):1345-55.

Brown J, Boyle M, Mahawar K, Balupuri S, Small P. Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band Survival In A High-Volume Bariatric Unit. British Journal of Surgery. 2013;100(12):1614.


NICE Clinical Guideline CG188. Gallstone Disease: Diagnosis and Management.

Gurusamy KS, Davidson BR. Gallstones. British Journal of Medicine. 2014;348:g2669.

Acid Reflux

NICE Clinical Guideline CG184. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease and Dyspepsia in Adults: Investigation and Management.

NICE Interventional Procedure Guidance 431. Laparoscopic Insertion of a Magnetic Bead Ring for Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease.

Ganz RA, Peters JH, Horgan S, Bemelman WA, Dunst CM, Edmundowicz SA, et al. Esophageal Sphincter Device for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. New England Journal of Medicine. 2013;368(8):719-27.

Fitzgerald RC, di Pietro M, Ragunath K, Ang Y, Kang J-Y, Watson P, et al. British Society of Gastroenterology Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Barrett’s Oesophagus. Gut. 2014;63(1):7-42.

Sifrim D, Zerbib F. Diagnosis and Management of Patients with Reflux Symptoms Refractory to Proton Pump Inhibitors. Gut. 2012;61(9):1340-54

Stefanidis D, Hope WW, Kohn GP, Reardon PR, Richardson WS, Fanelli RD. Guidelines for Surgical Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Surgical Endoscopy. 2010;24(11):2647-69.


NICE Technology Appraisal Guidance TA183. Laparoscopic Surgery for Inguinal Hernia Repair.

Simons M, Aufenacker T, Bay-Nielsen M, Bouillot JL, Campanelli G, Conze J, et al. European Hernia Society Guidelines on the Treatment of Inguinal Hernia in Adult Patients. Hernia: The Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery. 2009;13(4):343-403.

Sanders DL, Kurzer M, and the members of the Groin Hernia Society Guidance Development Group. Groin Hernia Guidelines. 2013. Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland: Issues in Professional Practice.

Sheen AJ, Stephenson BM, Lloyd DM, Robinson P, Fevre D, Paajanen H, et al. Treatment of the Sportsman’s Groin: British Hernia Society’s 2014 Position Statement Based on the Manchester Consensus Conference. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014;48(14):1079-87.

Fitzgibbons RJJ, Forse RA. Clinical Practice. Groin Hernias in Adults. New England Journal of Medicine. 2015;372(8):756-63.

Bittner R, Bingener-Casey J, Dietz U, Fabian M, Ferzli GS, Fortelny RH, et al. Guidelines for Laparoscopic Treatment of Ventral and Incisional Abdominal Wall Hernias (International Endohernia Society (IEHS)—Part 1. Surgical Endoscopy. 2014;28(1):2-29.

Bittner R, Bingener-Casey J, Dietz U, Fabian M, Ferzli GS, Fortelny RH, et al. Guidelines for Laparoscopic Treatment of Ventral and Incisional Abdominal Wall Hernias (International Endohernia Society [IEHS])—Part II. Surgical Endoscopy. 2014;28(2):353-79.

Bittner R, Bingener-Casey J, Dietz U, Fabian M, Ferzli G, Fortelny R, et al. Guidelines for Laparoscopic Treatment of Ventral and Incisional Abdominal Wall Hernias (International Endohernia Society [IEHS])—Part III. Surgical Endoscopy. 2014;28(2):380-404.


NICE Pathway on Gastrointestinal Cancers.

Cancer Research UK. Stomach Cancer.

Cancer Research UK. Oesophageal Cancer.


American College of Gastroenterology. Diagnosis and Management of Achalasia.

Boeckxstaens GE, Zaninotto G, Richter JE. Achalasia. The Lancet. 2014;383(9911):83-93.

Pandolfino JE, Gawron AJ. Achalasia: A Systematic Review. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 2015;313(18):1841-52.


NICE Interventional Procedures Guidance 489. Gastroelectrical Stimulation for Gastroparesis.

Medtronic. Enterra Gastric Neurostimulator.

Camilleri M, Parkman HP, Shafi MA, Abell TL, Gerson L. Clinical Guideline: Management of Gastroparesis. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2013;108(1):18-37



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